Coin Catalogue

Caligula 37 – 41 A.D.

Caligula’s real name was Gaius Caesar but earned the nickname with which he is known by from the type of army boots he wore during childhood. One of the most enigmatic Roman emperors, the early part of his career had him start out as an ordinary and modest man. His granduncle Tiberius had wished Caligula along with Gemellus (Caligula’s cousin) to be joint emperors. Instead, Caligula adopted him but never gave him any official role. At some point Caligula underwent a transformation, supposedly after an illness that transformed him into a maniacal and cruel person. As seen on the erotic movie of the same name, Caligula would take joy in perverse and sadistic acts that often ended in the murder of innocent people. He also made no subtleties for his hatred of the Senate, the members of which were objects of his ridicule (or worse). It was only a matter of time before a conspiracy was hatched and he was murdered.



AU Aureus


RIC 1, C 10 Aureus Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOTCOS – Bare head right.
Rev: No legend – Augustus radiate head right; star on either side. $12,000 4/1/01.



RIC 25, BMC 26, C 6 Aureus Obv: CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIIICOSIII – Laureate head right.
Rev: GERMANICVSCAESPCAESAVGGERM – Germanicus bare head right. $9,200 5/21/03..




AR Denarius


RIC 2, BMC 4, BN 4, C 11 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOTCOS – Bare head right.
Rev: No legend – Augustus radiate head right; star on either side. 37-38 (Lugdunum).



RIC 8, BMC 8, C 4 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT – Bare head right.
Rev: AGRIPPINAMATCCAESAVGGERM – Agrippina Sr. draped bust right. 37 (Rome).



RIC 12 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT – Bare head right.
Rev: GERMANICVSCAESPCCAESAVGGERM – Germanicus bare head right.



RIC 14, BMC 15, S 1825 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT – Laureate head right.
Rev: AGRIPPINAMATCCAESAVGGERM – Agrippina Sr. draped bust right. 37-38 (Lugdunum).



RIC 16, BMC 17 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMPMTRPOT – Laureate head right.
Rev: DIVVSAVGPATERPATRIAE – Augustus radiate head right. 37-38 (Lugdunum).



RIC 22, BMC 23 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIIICOSIII – Laureate head right.
Rev: AGRIPPINAMATCCAESAVGGERM – Agrippina Sr. draped bust right. 40 (Rome). $1,400 9/24/03.



RIC 24, BMC 25, C 7 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIIICOSIII – Laureate head right.
Rev: DIVVSAVGPATERPATRIAE – Augustus radiate head right. 40 (Rome). $1,350 9/24/03.



RIC 28, BN 39, C 21 Denarius Obv: CCAESARAVGPONMTRPOTIIICOSIII – Laureate head right.
Rev: No legend – Wreath, SPQR/PP/OBCS within. c.40 (Rome).




AE Sestertius


RIC 32, BMC 33, BN 46, C 1 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT – Laureate head left.
Rev: ADLOCVT/COH – Above and below, Gaius standing left on daïs with camp chair behind, addressing five soldiers standing right, holding parazonia and shields; four legionary aquilae behind. 37-38 (Rome).



RIC 33, BMC 37 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT – Laureate head left.
Rev: AGRIPPINADRVSILLAIVLIA Exe: SC – Caligula’s three sisters standing facing; Agrippina on left as Securitas, holding cornucopia and resting on column; Drusilla in the middle as Concordia, holding patera and cornucopia; Julia on right as Fortuna, holding rudder and cornucopia. $15,000 1/16/02. 37-38.



RIC 36, BMC 41, BN 51, C 9 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPMTRPOT Exe: PIETAS – Pietas, veiled, seated left and holding patera, left elbow resting on small statue support.
Rev: No legend – DIVO AVG and S C across fields, Caligula, veiled, sacrificing at garlanded altar; one attendant slitting the throat of a bull on altar, the other holding a patera, behind the group a hexastyle garlanded temple with pedimental scene of sacrifice, the roof ornamented with quadriga of Augustus flanked by Victory Acroteria, statues of Romulus and Aeneas at roofline. 37-38 (Rome).



RIC 37, BMC 38, BN 50, C 24 Sestertius Obv: CAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT – Laureate head left.
Rev: SPQR/PP/OBCIVES/SERVATOS – Legend in four lines within oak wreath. 37-38 (Lugdunum). $16,000 1/13/03.



RIC 44, BN 100, C 2 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIPP Exe: PIETAS – Pietas, veiled and draped, seated left, holding patera and resting left arm on statue of Spes.
Rev: No legend – DIVO AVG & S C across fields; Caligula, veiled and togate, offering from patera above altar before elaborately decorated hexastyle temple of Divus Augustus, garlanded for sacrifice; before and partly behind him, an attendant restrains bull, while a second attendant looking left holds another patera. c.39-40 (Rome).



RIC 46, C 25 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIPP – Laureate head left.
Rev: SPQR/PP/OBCIVES/SERVATOS – Legend in four lines within oak wreath. 39-40 (Lugdunum). $910 5/21/03.



RIC 51, BMC 69, BN 118, C 11 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIIPP Exe: PIETAS – Pietas, veiled and draped, seated left, holding patera and resting left arm on statue of Spes.
Rev: No legend – DIVO AVG & S C across fields; Caligula, veiled and togate, offering from patera above altar before elaborately decorated hexastyle temple of Divus Augustus, garlanded for sacrifice; before and partly behind him, an attendant restrains bull, while a second attendant looking l. holds another patera. c.40-41 (Rome).



RIC 53, C 26 Sestertius Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIIPP – Laureate head left.
Rev: No legend – SPQR/PP/OBCIVES/SERVATOS within wreath. 40-41 (Rome).




AE Dupondius


RIC 34, BMC 44 Dupondius Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT – Legend around large SC.
Rev: NEROETDRVSVSCAESARES – Nero and Drusus each riding horse right. 37-38 (Rome).




AE As


RIC 38, BMC 46, C 27 As Obv: CCAESARAVGGERMANICVSPONMTRPOT – Bare head left.
Rev: VESTA – Vesta seated left, holding patera and scepter; S C across fields. 37-38 (Rome).



RIC 47, BMC 59, BN 105, C 28 As Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIPP – Bare head left.
Rev: VESTA – Vesta, draped and veiled, seated left on throne holding patera and scepter; S C across fields. c.39-40 (Rome).



RIC 54, BMC 73, C 29 As Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVGPMTRPIIIIPP – Bare head left.
Rev: VESTA – Vesta seated left, holding patera and scepter; S C across fields. 37-38 (Rome).




AE Quadrans


RIC 41 (1923 ed.), C 8 Quadrans Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVG – Pileus between SC.
Rev: PONMTRPIIIIPPCOSQVAT – Legend around RCC. January 41 (Rome).



RIC 52, C 7 Quadrans Obv: CCAESARDIVIAVGPRONAVG – S C flanking small pileus.
Rev: PONMTRPIIIIPPCOSTERT – Legend around large RCC.


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